What is laparoscopy
Laparoscopy is a new surgical procedure in gynecology that many specialists have been using for treatment in recent years. If laparoscopy is performed by a qualified professional, it can be a very successful and useful treatment and a very good alternative to the old methods of open surgery. In open surgery, the patient had a lot of pain after the operation and experienced a longer recovery period.
How is laparoscopic surgery performed?
We make a few small holes in the abdomen. The main hole through which the camera enters the abdomen is the umbilicus. The abdomen is filled with gas through the navel, and the images inside the abdomen are easily displayed on the monitor screen, and we can start with the help of the tool.
An important issue in laparoscopy is that because we see the inside of the abdomen with the camera, we have magnification and it is much easier to examine the inside of the abdomen, so the doctor’s accuracy is higher. If the slightest lesion is present in the area where the operation is performed, it can be diagnosed and treated.
In laparoscopy, the delicate devices used inside the abdomen are used to help minimize tissue damage and less complications.
Who is a good candidate for laparoscopic surgery?
It should be noted that not every candidate is suitable for laparoscopic surgery, and the patient who sees a gynecologist needs a general examination to see which method is more appropriate for the patient.
• The patient should be examined for heart, vascular and pulmonary. Because the patient is bitten inside the abdomen during laparoscopy and the patient’s position is in the opposite position, pressure may be applied to the heart and arteries, so it is necessary to check the patient’s medical history.
• The medications the patient is taking should be checked.
Measures before and after laparoscopic surgery
Pre- and post-laparoscopic procedures depend on the type of surgery to be performed on the patient, so a series of warnings need to be given to the patient.
One of the complications of laparoscopy is a complication of blood clots (clots inside the arteries of the leg). Due to the position the patient takes during laparoscopy and the pressure applied to the patient, the patient may develop clots inside the arteries, embolism, or bleeding after laparoscopy.
• The patient must be asked about the type of medication he or she has previously used.
Drinking large amounts of green tea after laparoscopic surgery makes the patient more likely to bleed.
• Other things include eating aspirin, vitamins, and so on.
• It is best to avoid taking medications or herbal supplements that are not necessary for one to two weeks before laparoscopic surgery.
• From a few days before the laparoscopic operation, it is necessary for the patient to eat light foods.
Supportive measures during laparoscopic surgery
• Socks are anti-embolic and it is necessary for the patient to prepare the necessary laparoscopy before the operation and to wear it on the day of the operation.
• The duration of the operation should be shortened by a gynecologist because the longer the operation, the more complications there will be.
• Laparoscopy requires a special technique. When we want to create swabs in the abdomen, we must be careful not to damage the patient’s vital organs.
Benefits of laparoscopic surgery
As mentioned, most gynecological diseases can be treated with laparoscopy, especially ovarian cysts, uterine fibroids, adhesions and problems in the pelvis, as well as endometriosis, which is the main diagnosis and treatment of endometriosis with laparoscopy.
Why do we use laparoscopy?
In the field of women, as you know, we are dealing with the uterus, fallopian tubes and ovaries, which are vital organs for women because they cause fertility and reproduction, and we must be very gentle and delicate.
In laparoscopy, we can do the least damage because the hand is not inserted and delicate instruments are used inside the abdomen, and the less manipulation on the ovaries, tubes, and 6, the less postoperative adhesions are reduced. Infertility and infertility after surgery will be less, and this is very important for the patient.
Postoperative laparoscopic care
• The most important thing the patient should be aware of is that the gas inside the abdomen fills up and comes out after the laparoscopic operation. After the operation, some gas remains in the abdomen. The important point is that the patient must walk after laparoscopy and take deep breaths.
• It is necessary to use anti-embolic socks for up to two weeks.
• After laparoscopy, patients do not need long-term recovery because they are not in pain and are in good condition and can be discharged very quickly and return to normal life.
Why is pain less common in laparoscopic surgery than open surgery?
When the patient’s sensory nerves are damaged, the patient has pain. In open surgery, we have to make a relatively large incision in the skin, and many sensory nerves may be damaged. It can be said that approximately two-thirds of the pain is due to ruptured sensory nerves. However, in laparoscopy, a few holes are made in the patient’s abdomen and their diameter is a maximum of one centimeter, so the patient’s body tissue is not badly damaged.
The cost of laparoscopic surgery
In laparoscopy, we use a series of devices that are inserted into the patient’s abdomen, and the cost of this operation is a bit higher than open surgery because their devices are more expensive. However, some insurance companies support a series of these devices.